Identity theft is one of the most common forms of cybercrime, but unless we consider how much we know about fraudulent emails, people are always the victims.
Action Fraud receives more than 400,000 reports of phishing emails each year, and according to Mimecast’s State of Email Security 2020, 58% of organizations have seen an increase in the number of cybercrime attacks over the past 12 months.
At the same time, a recent Verizon’s Data Breach Investigations Report found that more than two thirds of data breaches involved attacks on social engineers as crimes against identity theft. In this blog, we use email examples of phishing scams to show you five clues to help you detect scams.
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What is phishing?
This process is called phishing scams, and it is the way criminals trick you into giving them your personal information or account data. Once your information has been received, cyber criminals create new user information or install malicious software (such as backgrounds) on your system to steal sensitive data.
Criminal emails for theft of sensitive information today rarely begin with, “Greetings from the son of a deposed Nigerian Prince …” and it is becoming increasingly difficult to distinguish a fake email from a certified one. However, many have hidden hints at their fraudulent nature. Here are seven examples of phishing scams to help you detect malicious email and maintain email security.
How dangerous are phishing Email attacks?
Cybercrime is not the worst case scenario. This type of fraud is causing serious economic damage in all parts of the world. Victims lose not only money, but also greater trust. Additionally, cybercriminals often install malicious software on your computer to steal sensitive information, and this is how damage is done. All careless clicks can infect your smartphone or PC, so it’s very important to equip your device with an effective virus scanner. You certainly do not want to have trojan, bot or ransomware on your computer, but you do have a good chance of collecting many of them if you do not stay alert.
We recommend that you follow the rules you just read and be more aware of cyber attacks and cybersecurity. Only knowledgeable people are well-equipped to withstand all these vicious attacks.
What is a common indicator of a Phishing Email?
Requests for personal information, casual greetings or lack of greetings, mispronunciation, illegal “emerging” email addresses, unfamiliar web pages, and misleading links are the most common indicators of a phishing scam.
Email phishing examples
1. The message is sent from a public email domain
No legal entity will send emails from an address ending in ‘@gmail.com’. Even Google.
Most organizations, with the exception of small businesses, will have their own email and company account. For example, official emails from Google will read ‘@google.com’.
If the domain name (a little after the @ mark) is the same as an open email sender, the message is probably valid.
The best way to test an organization’s domain name is to write the company name on the search engine.
This makes finding the crime of identity theft seem easy, but cyber criminals have many tricks to deceive you.
Top Tip: Look at the email address, not just the sender
Most of us never check the email address the message came from.
Your inbox displays a name, such as ‘IT Governance’, and a title. When you open an email, you already know (or think you know) who the message is from and jump right into the content.
When fraudsters create their own fake email addresses, they often have the option to select the displayed name, which does not need to be related to the email address at all.
Therefore, they can use a fake email address that will appear in your inbox with the Google name.
But criminals often do not rely on the ignorance of their victims. Their fake email addresses will use the corrupt organization name in the address section.
Take this example of an email theft scam that imitates PayPal:
This is almost a flawless fraudulent email. It uses the PayPal logo at the top of the message, is spelled correctly and the application is credible.
But as it tries to duplicate the actual email from PayPal, there is a huge red flag: the sender ‘s address says ‘[email protected]’.
The actual email from PayPal will have the organization’s name in the domain name, indicating that it came from someone on (@) PayPal. The fact that PayPal is not in the domain name is proof that this is a scam.
Unfortunately, installing PayPal anywhere in the message is often enough to deceive people.
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2. It includes suspicious attachments or links
Suspicious links & Phishing Link
You may see a suspicious link if the local address does not match the content of the entire email.
For example, if you receive an email from Netflix, you can expect the link to direct you to an address starting with ‘netflix.com’.
Unfortunately, many official and fraudulent emails hide the location address of a button, so it is not immediately clear where the link is going.
Source: Malware Traffic Analysis
In this example, you would know that there is something suspicious if you see a local address in an email.
Unfortunately, every message is convincing, and you can click the link without giving it a second thought.
To make sure you do not fall into schemes like these, you should train yourself to check where the links are going before opening them.
Thank you, this is straightforward: on a computer, hover your mouse over the link, and the location address appears in the small bar at the bottom of the browser.
On a mobile device, press the link and a pop-up containing the link will appear.
3. Send Virus File By Email
Unsolicited emails contain attachments to the email reek of hackers. Usually, authentic institutions do not send you randomly posted emails, but instead direct you to download documents or files to their website.
Like the tips above, this approach is not foolish. Sometimes companies that already have your email will send you information, such as white paper, that you may need to download. If so, be aware of high-risk file types that attach to .exe, .scr, and .zip. (If in doubt, contact the company directly using the contact information found on its original website.)
An email attachment is a seemingly correct document containing a malicious program. In the typical example, such as the one below, the scam claims to send an invoice:
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4. Legal companies usually call you by your first name
Phishing emails often use common greetings such as “Dear Member,” “Dear Account Owner,” or “Dear Customer.” If your co-worker needs information about your account, an email can call you by name and perhaps direct you to contact them by phone.
BUT, some hackers simply avoid greetings. This is especially true of advertisements. The email for phishing scams below is an excellent example. Everything in it is almost perfect. So how can you identify the danger?
5. Legal companies do not force you on their website
Sometimes phishing emails are often encrypted as a link. Therefore, accidentally or intentionally clicking anywhere in the email will open a false web page, or add spam to your computer.
This whole email was a great link, so if you click anywhere in the email, you can start a malicious attack.